Ingredient Glossary - Cosmetics


(INCI & common name)

Key Function in Product

Ascorbyl palmitate


  • A fat soluble ester of Vitamin C
  • Stored in the cell membranes until it is required by the body
  • Vitamin C assists the skin to manufacture collagen, a protein that forms the basis of connective tissue
  • A effective and natural antioxidant (free radical fighter) that prevents make-up colour change as well as promoting a healthy skin

Bismuth oxychloride

CI 77163

  • Bismuth is a by-product of lead and copper refining
  • A mineral used for its refractive properties
  • It also helps the make-up to stick on the skin

Butyrospermum parkii

Shea butter    

  • Derived from the fruit of the karate tree
  • Emollient which is deeply moisturising, softening and nourishing
  • Leaves a protecting film on the skin
Back to top

Caprylic / capric triglyceride


  • A fatty mixture of glycerides derived from soy, palm or coconut
  • Used as an emollient and emulsifier
  • Enhances smooth product application
  • (Also found in human blood plasma)


CI 75470

  • A natural red colourant used in some lip colours



  • Produced from wood pulp
  • Used as a thickener
  • Extraction is via a hydrolysis (water) process
  • Harvested from sustainable forest sources

Cera alba


  • Harvested from bee hives
  • Used as a thickener, emulsifier and stiffening agent in balms and creams
Back to top

Cetearyl wheatstraw glycosides
(&) Cetearyl alcohol

Wheatstraw extract


  • Extracted from the wheatstraw heads
  • Extremely nourishing and skin protecting
  • An emulsifying agent for oil-in-water emulsions
  • This is a wax product and is not a grain distilled alcohol
  • Gluten free

Cetyl alcohol


  • Derived from coconut oil
  • Fatty alcohol used as an emollient, emulsifier, thickening and carrying agent
  • Note:  this is NOT a grain distilled alcohol

Citrus grandis oil

Grapefruit oil

  • Expressed from the grapefruit
  • Helpful in treating acne, congested and oily skin

Citrus grandis seed extract

Grapefruit seed extract

  • Extracted from the seeds of the grapefruit
  • Has strong antibacterial and antioxidant properties
Back to top

Cera Carnauba

Carnauba wax

  • A wax that is derived from the leaves of the carnauba palm
  • A waxy emollient

Euphorbia cerifera wax

Candelilla wax

  • Extracted from the leaves and stems of the small candelilla shrub
  • Used as a thickening and binding agent

Ferric ferrocyanide

CI 77510

  • A mineral pigment derived from iron
  • Gives colour to our make-up


Vegetable Glycerin


  • Derived from natural vegetable sources
  • Excellent humectant & emollient properties
  • Helps to hydrate, soften and soothe the skin
  • Assists the outer epidermis in retaining moisture
Back to top

Hydrated silica

  • A ground up mineral found in nature as opal, a gemstone

Hydrogenated palm kernel glycerides


  • Derived from palm oil
  • An ester of the hydrogenated palm oil and glycerin that helps the consistency of pencils
  • Hydrogenated oils are produced by adding hydrogen gas under high pressure to liquid oils so they will be semisolid at room temperature

Hydrogenated vegetable oil


  • Derived from natural vegetable oils
  • Helps the consistency of pencils
  • Hydrogenated oils are produced by adding hydrogen gas under high pressure to liquid oils so they will be semisolid at room temperature

Iron Oxides

CI 77491, CI 77492, CI 77499


  • Derived naturally from hematite
  • A naturally occurring compound of iron and oxygen found in a range of colours from black to yellow
  • Gives colour to the make-up
Back to top

Jojoba esters



  • Derived from the esterfication (natural process) of jojoba oil
  • A wax ester that leaves a protecting film on the skin
  • An emollient that helps with the smooth consistency of the cream
  • An ester is a molecule of a fatty acid and a fatty alcohol combined


Halloysite clay

  • Used as a thickening agent and to assist adhesion to the eye-lashes
  • A pure white clay from Matauri Bay, New Zealand

Lavandula angustifolia oil

Lavender oil

  • A soothing and balancing essential oil
  • Distilled from the flowers and leaves of the lavender plant

Leptospermum scoparium  oil

Manuka oil

  • Distilled from manuka tree leaves and flowers Used for its skin toning and anti-microbial properties
  • A concentrated essential oil with strong anti-septic properties
Back to top

Macadamia ternifolia seed oil

Macadamia seed oil

  • Extracted from macadamia nuts
  • Has a fine texture that absorbs readily into the skin to nourish and protect

Magnesium stearate


  • Naturally occurring in vegetable fatty acids Magnesium salt (a naturally occurring white alkaline powder) consisting mainly of stearic acid and palmitic acid
  • Used as an emulsifying agent
  • Also provides slip on the skin

Manganese violet

CI 77742

  • Manganese mineral pigment
  • Gives colour to make-up


Manuka honey


  • Derived from sustainable local bee-keeping / honey producers
  • Maintains moisture level in the skin as a natural humectant
  • International recognition for its antimicrobial properties referred to as UMF (Unique Manuka Factor)

Melaleuca alternifolia oil

Tea tree oil

  • Steam distilled from the leaves and flowers of the tea tree
  • Strong antibacterial and antiseptic properties


CI 77019

  • Muscovite is a common rock forming mineral and is found in sedimentary rocks
  • Used for its reflective and refractive properties in make-up

Octyldodecyl Stearoyl Stearate

  • Binding agent for powders
  • Derived from vegetable source
Back to top

Pelargonium graveolens oil

Geranium oil

  • Steam distilled from the flowers and leaves
  • Useful for all skin conditions as it balances sebum and keeps the skin supple
  • Has antiseptic properties

Persea gratissima oil

Avocado oil

  • Extracted from the avocado fruit
  • A nutritious oil containing vitamin D among others and essential fatty acids (linoleic acid) that make it very nourishing, restorative and moisturising

Pyrus Malus seed oil

Apple seed oil

  • Emollient
  • Gives slip and texture to lipsticks
  • Anti-oxidant

Ricinus communis oil

Castor oil

  • Extracted from the castor oil plant
  • Used as an emulsifying carrier agent

Rhus succedanea fruit wax


  • Derived from the fruit of the rhus succedanea tree in Japan (related to the mango and cashew tree)
  • Provides smooth creamy base with enhanced skin application properties
Back to top

Sclerotium gum


  • A natural polysaccharide gel base used for its gelling, thickening and hydrating qualities

Simmondsia chinensisseed oil 

Jojoba seed oil   

  • Extracted from the seeds of the jojoba plant
  • This waxy oil by nature is similar to our own sebum
  • An emollient that helps to lubricate and protect the skin

Sodium PCA


  • Derived from coconut  (L-glutamic acid)
  • Sodium PCA provides a natural moisture factor to the skin - a natural component of skin that holds moisture in the skin
  • Its humectant properties are used for the fluid consistency of the foundations

Sorbic acid


  • An organic acid, derived from unripe berries
  • Antimicrobial properties

Stearic Acid


  • A natural waxy fatty acid
  • Obtained from the hydrogenation of unsaturated vegetable oils


Vegetable squalane

  • Emollient that softens the skin and minimises small facial wrinkles
  • Naturally occurs in the skin as a lubrication agent
  • Derived from olive oil
Back to top


CI 77718

  • Magnesium silicate – a natural earth mineral
  • Talc ensures the best make-up application, colour and product stability
  • It offers the highest level of skin protection available due to the fact that  without water or penetration enhancing ingredients, it is not able to penetrate the skin
  • In addition, talc is one of the only powders available that is not hydroscopic (does not absorb moisture)
  • These factors combined are proven to ensure no talc or external pollutants, are absorbed into the skin
  • Talc is bound with natural vegetable oils to ensure no air-borne particles are released – for maximum safety

Tin Oxide

  • Derived naturally from tin oxides
  • A naturally occurring compound of tin and oxygen found in a range of colours
  • Gives colour to the make-up

Titanium dioxide

CI 77891

  • Derived from Titanium, which is extracted from the minerals Rutile and Ilmenite
  • Used as a white pigment in soaps
  • It gives the greatest covering and tinting power of any white pigment
  • A natural sun protectant

Tocopherol (Acetate)

Vitamin E

  • Derived from soy plants
  • A potent antioxidant preserving the product and helping to prevent free radical damage on the skin


CI 77007

  • Natural earth mineral
  • Adds colour to selected eye shadows
Back to top

Vitis Vinifera seed oil

Grape seed oil

  • Obtained from pressing grape seeds
  • High in skin beneficial fatty acid glycerides
  • Used as a skin conditioning agent and emollient in lipsticks

Zea mays starch

Corn starch

  • The dried starch powder of the maize grain, known as corn
  • Gives the skin a fresh, silky and smooth feel

Zinc Stearate

  • Improves the texture of cosmetics  and improves application
  • Adds a gloss sheen to cosmetics
Back to top