Ingredient Glossary - Skin, Hair & Bodycare

Skincare, Haircare & Bodycare Ingredients:

Ingredient

(INCI & common name)

Source

Key Function in Product

Aqua

Water

 

  • Natural drinking quality rainwater
  • Rainwater is collected and passed through a series of filters to remove any impurities.  It is stringently monitored for purity
  • After filtration, the water is drinking quality

Backhousia citriodora oil

Lemon myrtle oil

  • Distilled from the leaves of the lemon myrtle tree
  • Strong antibacterial properties
  • Citrus floral uplifting aroma

Benzyl benzoate

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’

Benzyl salicylate

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’

Bisabolol

  • An extract from chamomile
  • Anti-inflammatory agent
  • Soothing and calming properties
  • Excellent on sensitive skins

Boswellia carterii oil

Frankincense oil

  • An essential oil taken from resin of the frankincense tree
  • Assists to help prevent lines and wrinkles
  • Its astringent properties may also help balance oily skin conditions
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Butyrospermum parkii butter

(certified organic)

Shea butter    

  • Derived from the fruit of the karite tree
  • Emollient which is deeply moisturising, softening and nourishing
  • Leaves a protecting film on the skin

Calendula officinalis flower extract

  • Extracted from calendula flowers
  • Excellent for soothing and calming the skin

Camellia oleifera seed oil

Camellia oil

  • Extracted from camellia flowers
  • Gives a pleasant non-greasy feel on the skin
  • Similar composition to olive oil
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Canarium commune gum oil

Elemi oil

  • Gumtree extract
  • Has skin stimulating properties
  • A natural fragrance fixative
  • Steam distilled
  • Native to Phillipines

Caprylic / capric triglyceride

  • A natural fat
  • A fatty mixture of glycerides derived from soy, palm or coconut
  • Used as an emollient and emulsifier with quick skin penetration properties
  • Enhances smooth product application
  • (Naturally found in human blood plasma)
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Caryocar brasiliense fruit oil

Pequi fruit oil

  • Expressed from the fruit of the Pequi tree
  • Used as a skin conditioning agent
  • Contains a high level of skin nourishing natural oils

Cera alba

Beeswax

  • Harvested from bee hives
  • Used as a thickener, emulsifier and stiffening agent in balms and creams

Cetearyl olivate

 

  • Derived from olive oil
  • Improves skin hydration & moisturising effect
  • Excellent skin absorption
  • Similar to natural skin sebum
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Cetearyl alcohol

  • Derived from coconut & palm kernel oil
  • An emollient and viscosity regulator
  • Note:  this is NOT a grain distilled alcohol

Cetearyl wheatstraw glycosides
(&) Cetearyl alcohol

Wheatstraw extract

 

  • Extracted from the wheatstraw stalk
  • Extremely nourishing and skin protecting
  • An emulsifying agent for oil-in-water emulsions
  • This is a wax product and is not a grain distilled alcohol
  • Gluten free

Cetyl Palmitate

  • A lipid wax derived from the esters of olive oil fatty acids
  • Offers excellent long term moisturisation and skin hydration
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Chamomilla recutita flower

Chamomile flower extract

  • Extracted from chamomile flowers
  • Used as an infusion of flowers, known for its skin soothing quality

Cistus ladaniferus oil

Cistus oil

  • Steam distilled from the cistus gum
  • Helps to stop bacteria growth
  • Speeds up skin regeneration
  • Useful for treating chronic slow-healing skin disorders like eczema and psoriasis

Citral

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’
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Citronellol

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’

Citrus aurantium amara oil

Bitter orange oil

  • Expressed from the bitter orange fruit
  • A tonic effect on the skin
  • Helps to clear up skin blemishes

Citrus aurantium bergamia
(fruit) oil

Bergamot oil

  • Expressed from the bergamot fruit
  • Has antiseptic properties
  • Balances oil for oily complexions
  • Free from bergaptene, ensuring it is not photosensitive
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Citrus aurantium dulcis oil

Orange oil

  • Expressed from the orange fruit
  • Soothing on dry irritated conditions
  • Stimulates circulation improving general conditions of scalp and hair

Citrus grandis oil

Grapefruit oil

  • Expressed from the grapefruit
  • Helpful in treating acne, congested and oily skin
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Citrus grandis seed extract

Grapefruit seed extract

  • Extracted from the seeds of the grapefruit
  • Has strong antibacterial and antioxidant properties

Citrus medica limonum oil

Lemon oil

 

  • Expressed from the peel of the lemon
  • Being an astringent it has an effective cleansing effect on greasy skin
  • Stimulates circulation improving congested skin
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Citrus tangerine peel oil

Tangerine oil

 

  • Expressed from the peel of the tangerine
  • A gentle, safe oil, that assists with skin circulation
  • Helps to prevent the effects of stretched skin

Coco-glucoside

 

  • Derived from coconut oil glucose (fruit sugar)

 

  • Very gentle cleanser (surfactant)
  • Cleanses by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so they can be rinsed off
  • Natural occurring fatty acid

Cocos nuciferaoil

Coconut oil

  • From coconuts
  • Solid at room temperature
  • Excellent on dry, rough and wrinkled skin
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Cocos nucifera oil / arnica montana extract

Arnica oil

  • Distilled from arnica flowers & leaves
  • Renowned for its soothing properties and ability to aid bruising

Daucus carota oil

Carrot oil

  • Extracted from the carrot root
  • Good for skin tone
  • Emollient that is rejuvenating and nourishing
  • Source of Beta-carotene and Vitamin A

Decyl glucoside

 

  • Derived from palm and coconut oils
  • Used for its foaming and cleansing action
  • Has antibacterial properties
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Elettaria cardamomum oil

Cardamon oil

  • Steam distilled essential oil from the dried fruits & seeds
  • Antiseptic
  • Fragrance
  • Cardamon is part of the ginger family

Eugenol

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’

Euphrasia officinalis

Eye Bright Herb

  • Extracted from the eye bright herb
  • Anti-inflammatory properties
  • Used as a soothing, antimicrobial and skin conditioner
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Farnesol

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’

Galactoarabinan

Larch tree gum

  • Extracted from the gum of the larch tree
  • Excellent moisture control and humectancy properties
  • Improves skin appearance of superficial fine lines
  • Environmentally sustainable larch trees

Geraniol

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’
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Glucose

 

  • A sugar isolated from plant sources (cane or beet)
  • A simple sugar manufactured by green plants during photosynthesis
  • Assists with product penetration into the cells
  • (Naturally occurs in our blood)

Glucose oxidase

 

  • Naturally occurs in honey and milk 
  • A natural preservative in honey
  • A protein enzyme
  • Acts as an antimicrobial barrier

Glycerin

Vegetable Glycerin

 

  • Derived from natural plant sources
  • Excellent humectant & emollient properties
  • Helps to hydrate, soften and soothe the skin
  • Assists the outer epidermis in retaining moisture
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Glyceryl oleate

 

  • Naturally occurring fatty acid derived from coconut oil
  • Used as an emollient and emulsifying agent

Glycine soja oil

Soy bean oil

 

  • Expressed from soy beans
  • Excellent skin benefits with a high content of essential fatty acids
  • Used as an emollient and skin conditioner

Hammamelis virginiana extract

Witchhazel extract

  • Infusion of witchhazel in vegetable glycerine
  • Witchhazel is astringent, hemostatic and anti-inflammatory
  • It helps to lessen razor burn and controls bleeding from nicks
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Hypericum perforatum oil

St John’s Wort oil

 

  • Obtained from the flowers of the St John’s Wort plant
  • An emollient with anti-inflammatory properties
  • Acts as a vaso-constrictor, assisting to reduce the appearance of dilated capillaries
  • Soothes pain and promotes skin healing

Jojoba esters

 

 

  • Derived from the esterfication (natural process) of jojoba oil
  • A wax ester that leaves a protecting film on the skin
  • An emollient that helps with the smooth consistency of the cream
  • An ester is a molecule of a fatty acid and a fatty alcohol combined

Juniperus communis oil

Juniper oil

  • Distilled from juniper berries
  • A tonic for oily and congested skins
  • Has detoxifying and antiseptic properties
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Juniperus virginiana oil

Cedarwood Oil (Virginia)

  • Distilled from cedarwood bark
  • Benefits the skin by its sedating ability which relieves irritation and itching
  • Increases blood circulation

Kaolin

Halloysite clay

  • A pure white clay from Matauri Bay, New Zealand
  • Assists with removal of dead skin cell by acting as a poultice, drawing impurities out of the skin

Lactic acid

 

  • A natural component of honey
  • Naturally derived lactic acid (Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA)) assisting in cell renewal and skin rejuvenation
  • The exfoliating nature of AHA’s contribute to softer skin, younger looking skin
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Lactoperoxidase

 

  • Isolated from milk 
  • A peroxidise enzyme found in milk
  • Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties
  • (Naturally occurring in tears & saliva helping to protect the body from infection)

Leptospermum scoparium  oil

Manuka oil

 

  • Distilled from manuka tree leaves and flowers
  • Used for its skin toning and anti-microbial properties
  • A concentrated essential oil with strong anti-septic properties
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Limnanthes alba seed oil

Meadowfoam oil

 

  • Extracted from meadowfoam flowers
  • A very stable moisturising and rejuvenating oil
  • Used as an emollient
  • Contains unique fatty aids of benefit to the skin

Limonene

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’

Linalool

  • Plant derived pure essential oil component
  • Forms part of the product’s fragrance – ‘Parfum’
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Macadamia ternifolia seed oil

Macadamia seed oil

  • Extracted from macadamia nuts
  • Has a fine texture that absorbs readily into the skin to nourish and protect

Macrocystis pyrifera extract

Kelp extract

 

  • Extracted from New Zealand brown kelp
  • Provides essential nutrients, especially minerals
  • Source of silica for healthy hair
  • Grows ½ m / day – source very sustainable

Mel

Manuka honey

 

  • Derived from sustainable local bee-keeping / honey producers
  • Maintains moisture level in the skin as a natural humectant
  • International recognition for its antimicrobial properties referred to as UMF (Unique Manuka Factor)
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Melaleuca alternifolia oil

Tea tree oil

 

  • From the leaves and flowers of the tea tree plant

 

  • Strong antibacterial and antiseptic properties
  • Steam distilled from environmentally sustainable sources

Mentha piperita oil

(Certified organic)

Peppermint oil

  • Steam distilled from peppermint leaves
  • Relieves skin irritations and itching
  • Cools the skin and is a very refreshing skin tonic

Ocimum basilicum oil

Basil oil

  • Steam distilled from basil leaves
  • Soothing and refreshing on the skin
  • Increases circulation
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Oenothera biennis oil

Evening primrose oil

 
  • Extracted from the flowers of the evening primrose

 

  • Helps feed the skin and soothe skin irritations
  • This is primarily a result of the high amounts of gamma linoleic acid, and essential fatty acids

Olea europaea leaf extract

Olive leaf extract

 

  • Extracted from the leaves of the olive tree
  • Powerful free radical scavenger and anti-oxidant
  • An emollient that increases skin hydration
  • Prevents the growth of bacteria
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Olea europea fruit oil

Olive oil

 

  • Extracted from the ripe fruit of the olive tree
  • Its composition is close to the natural lipids of the outer surface of the human skin
  • Contains nutrient beneficial glycerides of essential fatty acids
  • Used as an emollient and skin conditioning agent

Orbignya oleifera seed oil

Babassu seed oil

 

  • A fixed oil extracted from the nuts of the babassu tree

 

  • Excellent skin moisturising properties
  • Used as a an emollient
  • Made up of skin nutrient glycerides of fatty acids lauric, myristic and oleic

Parfum

Natural (essential oil) fragrance

  • Derived from natural plant essential oils
  • A blend of isolates (components) 100% natural
  • See specific product labelling for potential allergen components
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Pelargonium graveolens oil

Geranium oil
 

  • Steam distilled from the flowers and leaves

 

  • Useful for all skin conditions as it balances sebum and keeps the skin supple
  • Has cicatrisant/wound healing and antiseptic properties

Pentaclethra Macroloba Seed Oil
(Certified organic)

Pracaxi fruit seed oil

  • Harvested from the seeds of the Pracaxi (Pentaclethra Macroloba) tree
  • Excellent hair moisturising, conditioning & antistatic properties

Persea gratissima oil

Avocado oil

 
  • Extracted from the avocado fruit

 

  • A nutritious oil containing vitamin D among others and essential fatty acids (linoleic acid) that make it very nourishing, restorative and moisturising
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Phormium tenax leaf juice

New Zealand Flaxgel
 

  • The gel naturally forms at the base of the flax plant leaf
  • A refreshing gel that has a high quantity of natural skin nutrients & polysaccarides
  • Soothing and hydrating on the skin
  • Healing properties
  • Native to New Zealand
  • Sustainable source

Pinus radiata bark extract

Pine bark extract

  • Extracted from the bark of the pine tree
  • It’s high content of flavonoids gives it strong antioxidant properties
  • Environmentally sustainable sources

Pogostemon cablin oil

Patchouli oil

  • Extracted from the patchouli plant
  • Tissue regenerator helping stimulate skin repair

Pomaderris kumerahou flower / leaf extract

Kumerahou extract

  • Derived from the flowers and leaves of the Kumerahou plant
  • A high saponin content results in natural lathering properties
  • Wild crafted from local Kerikeri plants
  • Environmentally sustainable
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Potassium Sorbate

(Natural Being range only)

 
  • The potassium salt of sorbic acid, found naturally in some fruit and berries.

 

  • Used extensively as a safe preservative in foods, wine, personal care and pharmaceutical products
  • Effectively inhibits the growth of mould and yeasts
  • Approved as a natural preservative by BDIH in Germany

Prunus amygdalus dulcisoil

Almond oil

 
  • Obtained from the ripe seeds of the sweet almond

 

  • A very nutritious oil used as a skin conditioning agent
  • An excellent emollient for the skin
  • Great for dry / mature skin

Ricinus communis oil

Castor oil

  • Extracted from the castor oil plant
  • Used as a carrier agent in our balms
  • Environmentally sustainable

Rosacanina fruit oil

(certified organic)

Rosehip oil

  • Critically extracted from organic rose hips
  • Helps the skin to heal and regenerate the skin
  • Assists in preventing the formation of keloid scar tissue
  • Its high fatty acids and vitamin C content makes it essential in the prevention of wrinkles and signs of premature ageing
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Rosadamascene flower oil

Rose otto oil

 

  • Extracted from the rose flower petals

 

  • Emollient and hydrating properties
  • Stimulating and antiseptic 
  • Helps to fight lines and wrinkles associated with ageing

Rosmarinus officinalis oil

(certified organic)

Rosemary oil

  • Steam distilled from the rosemary leaves

 

  • Helps to stimulate blood circulation to the skin
  • Has anti-microbial (bacteria and fungi) activities
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Salvia sclarea oil

Clary sage oil

  • Extracted from the exotic clary sage flowers
  • Balances the production of sebum on the skin

Santalum album oil

Sandalwood oil

 

  • Extracted from the wood of the sandalwood tree

 

  • Relieves itching and inflammation
  • Has mild astringent properties
  • Sustainable sources

Sclerotium gum

 

  • Grown on a sugar medium
  • A natural polysaccharide gel base used for its gelling, thickening and hydrating qualities
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Simmondsia chinensisseed oil

(certified organic)

Jojoba seed oil   

  • Extracted from the seeds of the jojoba

 

  • This waxy oil by nature is similar to our own sebum
  • An emollient that helps to lubricate and protect the skin

Sodium lauroyl glutamate

 

  • Derived from coconut oil
  • Mild surfactant, antistatic & hair conditioning agent
  • Naturally occurring amino acids

Sophora tetraptera flower

Kowhai petals

 

  • Petals from the flowers of the Kowhai tree
  • Used as a decorative material in the Nourishing Body Bar
  • Wild harvested 
  • All flowers are sustainably hand harvested from naturally regenerating stands of the Kowhai tree
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Sorbitan palmitate

 

  • A lipid wax derived from the esters of olive oil fatty acids
  • Offers excellent long term moisturisation and skin hydration

Sorbitan olivate

 

 

  • A lipid wax derived from the esters of olive oil
  • Offers excellent long term moisturisation and skin hydration
  • fatty acids

Sucrose Cocoate

From cocos/sugar beet

  • A blend of coconut oil & sucrose esters from sugar beet
  • A mild surfactant and skin / hair conditioner
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Theobroma cacao butter

Cocoa butter

  • Derived from the cocoa bean
  • A deeply nourishing emollient
  • Contains high levels of skin beneficial fatty acids

Tocopherol

Vitamin E

 

  • Derived from soy plants
  • A potent antioxidant preserving the product and helping to prevent free radical damage on the skin

Totarol

Totara extract

 

  • Extracted from recycled totara hard wood by supercritical extraction process
  • A very strong antioxidant (3 times stronger than vitamin E), to neutralise free radicals linked to skin ageing
  • Only discarded ‘old’ wood is used (e.g. old wharf or fence posts)
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Triticum vulgare germ oil

Wheatgerm oil

 

  • Obtain from the germ (seed) of wheat

 

  • An excellent emollient, rich in nutrients including vitamin E, helping to prevent free radical damage on the skin
  • Excellent skin absorbing qualities
  • Gluten free

Vitis vinifera seed oil

Grape seed oil

 

  • Obtained from pressing grape seeds

 

  • High in skin beneficial fatty acid glycerides
  • Used as a skin conditioning agent and emollient
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Xanthan gum

 

  • A microbial polysaccharide derived from the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris
  • Used for its binding, gelling and thickening properties
  • Used extensively for food thickening

Zinc oxide

CI 77947M

  • A quarry mined natural pigmented mineral
  • Has soothing and protectant properties
  • Acts as a broad spectrum UV protectant

Zingiber officinale extract

Ginger root extract

  • Extracted from the ginger root
  • Skin healing properties
  • Anti-irritant & anti-redness properties
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